What is the science of the origin, history, and structure of the Earth called?

Geology
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Related trivia

What is the current era in the geologic time scale?
Cenozoic Era
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What is the tendency of Earth's rotation to turn winds called?
Coriolis Effect
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What is the study of plant life called?
Botany
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What type of clouds surround the eye of a hurricane?
Wall Clouds
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What is the calm center part of a hurricane called?
Eye
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What type of satellites are always in the same spot in Earth's orbit?
Geostationary Satellites
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What name is given to 23.5 degrees north latitude?
Tropic Of Cancer
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What are mounds of sand that have been windblown called?
Dunes
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What does Earth do to cause night and day?
Rotates
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What is the process that removes salt from sea water?
Desalination
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A phytotoxin is a poison produced from what?
Plants
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What is a sudden collapse and downward motion of ice and rocks down a mountainside?
Avalanche
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What is molten rock beneath the surface of the earth called?
Magma
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What element is a diamond composed of?
Carbon
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What is the name of the submerged fringe of a continent?
Continental Shelf
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What are the broken-off pieces of glaciers that make it to the open sea called?
Icebergs
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What name was given to the west wind by the Greeks?
Zephyrus
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What is the very bottom soil horizon called?
Bedrock
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What acidic precipitation occurs when sulfur dioxides build up in the clouds?
Acid Rain
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In the United States, summer officially begins in which month?
June
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What layer in the atmosphere is responsible for filtering out solar radiation?
Ozone Layer
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What type of clouds are thick and puffy and can sometimes turn into thunderstorms?
Cumulus
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In what modern-day country did the dog called the Rhodesian Ridgeback originate?
South Africa
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How many days does it take for the Earth to revolve around the sun?
365
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